Commodity Outlook – Tur (Red Gram / Cajanus Cajan)

Sowing period: June to July
Harvesting period: November to February
Crop season: Kharif

Key growing locations for Tur: 

  1. Maharashtra – Amarawati, Wardha, Vashim, Latur, Buldhana, Akola
  2. Telangana – Adilabad, Warangal, Karimnagar, Nalgonda
  3. Karnataka – Gulbarga, Raichur, Bidar, Bijapur
  4. Madhya Pradesh – Raisen, Sehore, Hoshangabad, Narsinghpur
  5. Gujarat – Junagarh, Rajkot, Dahod
  6. Uttar Pradesh – Kanpur, Hathras, Hardoi, Agra

Production trend and Stock position:

  • As per the Ministry of Agriculture second advance estimate released on February 24, 2021, Tur production for 2020-21 was 3.88 million metric tonnes (MMT) compared to previous year which was 3.89 MMT, down by 0.26 percent
  • According to a notification by Ministry of Commerce and Industry issued on March 19, 2021, states that the annual import quota for the fiscal year 2021–22 for Tur would be 4 lakhs metric tonnes (LMT) and it shall be allocated equally to a pre-determined number of applicants (millers/refiners/traders) through an algorithm based lottery system
  • Another notification issued by Ministry of Commerce and Industry on March 19, 2021, states that 2 LMT of Tur to be imported from Mozambique for 2021-22 subject to the conditions mentioned in that notification
  • According to Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCIS) India’s Exports of Tur in 2020-21 (April – January) stood at 16,322.79 MT and valued at ` 153.77 crores whereas India’s Import of Tur for the same period stood at 4.28 LMT valued at `2,171.09 crores
  • The top countries India imports Tur are Mozambique, Tanzania, Myanmar, Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, etc and exports to USA, Canada, UAE, Nepal, Australia, Singapore, Qatar, Malaysia, UK, etc

Monsoon Update

For the country as a whole, cumulative rainfall during this year’s pre-monsoon season till April 28, 2021 is below Long Period Average (LPA) by 30 percent. Details of the rainfall distribution over the four broad geographical regions of India are given below:

Chart 1: Mandi Arrivals of Tur – whole variety (in tonnes) in top five states of India

Source: Agmarknet
Note: Mandi arrivals are during the current harvesting period of 2021

Chart 2: Mandi Arrivals of Tur – whole variety (in tonnes) in top six districts of Maharashtra

Source: Agmarknet
Note: Mandi arrivals are during current harvesting period of 2021

Chart 3: Price movement of Tur (₹ per Quintal) – Akola, Maharashtra – Spot market prices

Source: Agmarknet

Chart 4: Price movement of Tur (₹ per Quintal) – Gulbarga, Karnataka – Spot market prices

Source: Agmarknet

Market commentary: Price outlook 

  • The Government had increased the Minimum Support Price (MSP) of Tur by 3.45 percent to ₹ 6,000 per quintal for marketing year (MY) 2020-21 compared to ₹ 5,800 in 2019-20.
  • Overall Tur prices are likely to trade steady to slightly firm in the immediate / short term as it is currently trading above MSP due to less mandi arrivals and lower availability in global market especially from Myanmar due to its ongoing political unrest.

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